Quick Facts about Turkey

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Sultanahmet Square

Turkey in Brief

It is a significant challenge to summarize Turkey. As a matter of fact, Turkey has thousands of year history. Without reservation, this brings a rich cultural background. However, we will give you quick facts about Turkey in order for you to have some impression. Turkey is a giant peninsula with a landmass of about half a percent of world’s total landmass. For comparison it is about double the size of Japan or Germany but about 10% of Brazil or USA. Geographically, it is at the crossroads of civilizations. It’s where ancient silk and spice roads intersect. And it connects Asia and Middle East to Europe. Flying in and out of Turkey is very easy with its central position between three continents: Asia, Europe and Africa.

Turkey is a democratic and secular state governed by the rule of law, with 82 million population in 2020. Turkish population is majority Muslim and speaks Turkish language in particular. With its central geography and proximity to both East and West, Turkish culture integrates the elements of both East and West. Therefore, it is very easy for people of both East and West to find common ground when interacting with Turkish people. Indeed, Turkey has played a central role in history as a controlling point of trade routes. And it still is vital to world peace and economy with its position in international organizations such as UN and NATO and its membership in EU Customs Union.

Brief Outlook about Ancient History of Little Asia

If you haven’t seen Turkey yet, it is easy to think of Turkey as Alice’s Wonderland. In summary, it features so many picturesque scenes ranging from Air Balloons through Fairy Chimneys in Cappadocia to Library of Celcius in ancient Ephesus. And from Cascades of Hierapolis to Ancient Istanbul above Golden Horn. Undoubtedly you can picture Turkey in your mind as a collection of specially created movie sets. Then again, imagine yourself coming to Turkey as Alice tumbling down the rabbit hole.

What’s more, you can easily imagine finding yourself in 10.000BC version of Turkey when you take a picture near monoliths of Gobeklitepe. In your next movie set, a picture of yourself in a hot-air balloon will take you back to Roman times with prehistoric fairy chimneys at the background. Without a doubt, you can move from one movie set to another in Turkey. It will be like as you can do in a theme park, except what you see in Turkey is for real.

It is of course no surprise that Turkey is one of the top tourist destinations in the world. You might wonder why! To rephrase it, there are many reasons for answering this question. In brief, we can thank to its unique heritage and geography being at the crossroads of civilizations. From Hittites to Romans to Modern Turkey, you can see traces of ancient legacy. A legacy intertwined with the offerings of modern life in Turkey. This crucible of civilizations in Turkey always welcomes newcomers since before Romans.

Notable Civilizations in Anatolia

Photo by Aslıhan Altın on Unsplash
Photo by Aslıhan Altın on Unsplash

Notable ancient civilizations that settled in modern Turkish landscape include Hittites, Romans, Byzantines and Ottomans. To point out, Hittites are well known with their elbowing relationship with Egyptians and their penning of the world’s first known peace treaty in writing. To that end, Egyptian-Hittite Peace Treaty Kadesh also shows the first traces of human political intrigues. As it is an infamous type of treaty in which Hittite version and Egyptian version were different. And each side presented themselves as victorious in war on their subjects to quell opposition.

Romans also extended their territories, starting from Rome, into Anatolia and all the way to Africa. They ended up breaking the state management into two parts. And declared Istanbul as capital of Eastern Rome. You might wonder whether Byzantines are a continuation of Roman Empire or altogether a different one? In fact, Byzantines do not differ from Romans. And the word Byzantine Empire is only coined late after Romans demise by European historians in 16th century. In fact, Eastern Romans never called themselves as Byzantine Empire. but they introduced themselves as perfect Romans.

Ottomans rose from the ashes of Romans in the mediaeval times. Romans and Ottomans both ruled the Mediterranean Sea, which was critical for sea born trade back in the day. Mediterranean Sea today, however, is more of a tourist destination, with its beautiful beaches and abundant sunlight.

There are of course other civilizations whose legacy have crossed Turkish lands and helped shape modern Turkish culture. Among them are the well-chronicled Trojans, Lydians who invented first coin, Phrygians with a golden touch of its King Midas. And Commagene Kingdom with its colossal statues in Mount Nemrut.

Foundation of Modern Day Republic of Turkey

Photo by AHMED HINDAWI on Unsplash
Photo by AHMED HINDAWI on Unsplash

In the days leading to WW1 and beyond, it was obviously not the best chapter of human history. Turkish Republic was founded in the dark days following a devastating WW1. You may ask yourself why boring history is relevant in your across border property search? In a word, we can tell you that Turkish Republic is a modern state which is governed by the rule of law. And it is the rule of law that protects your civil and property rights in Turkey. For that reason, once you buy your dream home in Turkey and apply for citizenship, you are protected by law.

Turkish capital city is Ankara despite popular belief that Istanbul is the capital. Istanbul is clearly the biggest and the most influential Turkish city which is also the airline hub of Turkish Airlines. However, in the days Republic of Turkey was founded, the capital city was moved to Ankara. It was a discontinuation of a tradition of Istanbul being the crown capital of Roman times to Ottomans.

Turkey is predominantly a Muslim society. But it is also a secular state. 

Geography of Turkey

Photo by Mar Cerdeira on Unsplash
Photo by Mar Cerdeira on Unsplash

Turkey is a giant peninsula with waterfronts to Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. You can enjoy mostly the beaches and abundant sunshine along Mediterranean shoreline. Black Sea shore offers natural beauties more with dense forests and mountains. As you go inland across Anatolian peninsula, the climate gets dryer and colder.

Road trips across Turkish mainland, if you like, will be your next adventures in life with each region. Turkey has unique offerings for travelers and visitors in this regard. Keep in mind, however, that it is difficult to see all Turkey has to offer quickly. Because you may need more than weeks, even months, to fully explore Turkey. 

To find more about this topic, please read our article: What are The Best Locations to Buy a Property in Turkey?

Climate in Turkey

Prepare to enjoy all four seasons in Turkey as climate is mostly temperate. Be sure to pack your swimsuit for the breathtaking shores. But also your winter coat before coming if you are staying in the winter. Spring is always the favorite as life gets a boost in which you can observe blossom of trees. Summer is usually vacation time with plenty of sun and clean beaches to enjoy. Winter may bring snow in northern and inner parts of the peninsula and it is wise to pack suitable clothing.

Turkish Economy

There is free enterprise in Turkey, and investors are always welcome. Turkey draws considerable international capital every year. Numerous multinational corporations in diverse sectors are operating within the rule of law in Turkey. Food and beverages, automobile manufacturing, finance and banking are only some of them, to mention.

Among emerging markets, Turkish economy is diverse and vibrant with 82 million population. Construction, manufacturing and tourism sectors stand out among driving forces. Services sector improves every day in line with worldwide trends. Government, banks, telecom firms, multinational companies and few conglomerates are the largest employers. Turkish economy saw steady declines in recent years with annual GDP declining from about $957 billion in 2013 to $719 in 2020. Currently, a Covid vaccination campaign is underway. As of June 2021 almost all Covid-19 restrictions are off. The economy is boosting income and bouncing back to more glorious days.

Today’s Turkey and Real Estate Market

Photo by Hulki Okan Tabak on Unsplash
Photo by Hulki Okan Tabak on Unsplash

Turkey has a diverse economy with real estate prices steadily rising. Turkey has a vibrant real estate market with 82 million population and a steady international demand in real property. Turkish economy is usually in top 20 in the world and its unique location and climate makes it a destination of desire.

We doubt if there is anyone who doesn’t like to see dream city Istanbul as it stretches two continents. A boat ride along Bosphorus that divides the city, day trips inside ancient Istanbul are good attractions. And shopping its markets are clearly on must do lists of today’s travelers.

There is more in Turkey than what meets the eye at a first glance. Don’t judge a book by its cover, says the wise. The ability to read between the lines helps us see above and beyond things and makes some of us stand out. Turkey is more than Istanbul and Istanbul is more than you see. Be ready to explore with us, and your trusted realtor will guide you through things travelers don’t get to see. And we will show you different neighborhoods and acclimate you to Istanbul and Turkey. Laying out your priorities and meeting your needs in finding a cozy Turkish home you can find comfort is now our priority.

We would like to remind you that buying a house in Turkey is profitable in today’s economic conjuncture. You can read our article: Is it Profitable to Buy a House in Turkey?

Interesting Facts About Turkey 

  • Founded in 1923 after WW1 and Turkish War of Independence.
  • Established after the legacy of Ottoman Empire.
  • A member of UN since 1945.
  • A member of NATO since 1952.
  • Currency is Turkish Lira with a symbol ₺.
  • First coin is invented in human history by Lydians in Turkish Anatolia.
  • Currently negotiating accession to EU.
  • Already a member of EU Customs Union.
  • On UNESCO World Heritage List, there are 16 Cultural Heritage Sites in Turkey as well as 2 Mixed Heritage Sites, and 85 more sites on tentative UNESCO List.
  • Number of archeological sites in Turkey easily dwarf other Mediterranean countries.
  • Gobeklitepe Temples date back 12,000 years, which predates Stonehenge by 6,000 years.
  • First human war treaty, Kadesh Treaty, is signed in writing by Hittites of Anatolia and Egyptians.
  • Well chronicled Trojans lived Turkey, and Trojan War took place in Turkey.
  • Origin of Santa Claus is in southwest Turkey in Church of St Nicholas.
  • House of Mother Mary’s House is near Ephesus Ancient Site in western Turkey.
  • World’s first colossally domed basilica, Hagia Sophia, is in Turkey.
  • World’s most famous air balloon site is in Cappadocia, Turkey.
  • The state governance method is converted from Prime Ministry System into Presidential System since 2018.
  • Although a predominantly Muslim society, Turkey is a democratic and secular state with rule of law.
  • Covid-19 vaccine producing company BioNTech’s founders are of Turkish origins and there is a sizable Turkish population living in European countries.

We hope we could give a better understanding about Turkey thanks to these quick facts. Do you have any questions? Is there a section you are curious to know more about?

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