Quick Facts about Turkey

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Sultanahmet Square

Turkey in Brief

It is a difficult task to try to summarize Turkey in a few words. In fact, Turkey has a long narrative in entire human history. Indeed, rich history translates into a rich cultural background in Turkey. Nevertheless, we will briefly present quick facts about Turkey to help you have a better understanding. Turkey is a giant peninsula with a landmass of about half a percent of world’s total landmass. For comparison it is about double the size of Japan or Germany but about 10% of Brazil or USA. Geographically, it is at the crossroads of ancient civilizations. For example, it’s where ancient silk and spice roads intersect. Besides, Turkish Anatolia connects Asia and Middle East to Europe. Flying in and out of Turkey is very easy with its central position between three continents: Asia, Europe and Africa.

Turkey is a democratic and secular state governed by the rule of law, with 82 million population in 2020. Turkish population is majority Muslim with Turkish as the official language. Furthermore, Turkish culture integrates the elements of both East and West with proximity to both East and West. Therefore, it is very easy for people of both East and West to find common grounds when interacting with Turkish people. Indeed, Turkey has played a central role in history as a controlling point of trade routes. Additionally, Turkey is still vital to world peace and economy with its position in international organizations such as UN and NATO and EU Customs Union.

Brief Outlook about Ancient History of Little Asia

If you haven’t seen Turkey yet, it is easy to think of Turkey as Alice’s Wonderland. In summary, it features so many picturesque scenes such as Air Balloons flying through Fairy Chimneys in Cappadocia. Similarly, wonderful Turkish sceneries include Library of Celcius in Ephesus, Cascades of Hierapolis and Ancient Istanbul above Golden Horn. Undoubtedly you can imagine Turkey as a collection of specially created movie sets. Consequently, you can understand why a trip to Little Asia resembles Alice tumbling down the rabbit hole.

Additionally, you can easily imagine finding yourself in 10.000BC version of Turkey when you take a picture near monoliths of Göbeklitepe. In your next movie set, a picture of yourself in a hot-air balloon will take you back to Roman times with prehistoric fairy chimneys at the background. Certainly, you can feel like moving from one movie set to another in Turkey. Travelling in Turkey is like visiting a theme park, except what you see in Turkey is for real.

It is of course no surprise that Turkey is one of the top tourist destinations in the world. You might wonder why Turkey! Clearly, there are many reasons that create the Turkish vibe. In brief, we can thank to its unique heritage and geography placing Turkey at the crossroads of ancient civilizations. From Hittites to Romans to Modern Turkey, you can see traces of ancient legacy all across Little Asia. As a result, a diverse legacy intertwined with the offerings of modern life in Turkey. This crucible of civilizations in Turkey always welcomes newcomers since before Romans.

Notable Civilizations in Anatolia

Photo by Aslıhan Altın on Unsplash
Photo by Aslıhan Altın on Unsplash

Notable ancient civilizations that settled in modern Turkish landscape include Hittites, Romans, Byzantines and Ottomans. To begin with, Hittites are famous with their elbowing relationship with Egyptians. Hittites and Egyptians penned the world’s first known peace treaty in writing. To that end, Egyptian-Hittite Peace Treaty Kadesh also shows the first traces of human political intrigues. Infamously, Hittite version and Egyptian version of the treaty were different. As a result, each side presented themselves as victorious in war to quell public opposition.

After Hittite rule, Romans extended their territories into Anatolia and all the way to Africa. In time, Romans declared Istanbul as capital of Eastern Rome after break-up of the state. At this point, you might wonder whether Byzantines are a continuation of Roman Empire or altogether a different one. In fact, Byzantines do not differ from Romans at all. Interestingly, European historians coined the word “Byzantine” long after Romans demise in 16th century. In fact, Eastern Romans never called themselves as Byzantines. Instead they introduced themselves simply as Romans.

Over time, Ottomans rose from the ashes of Romans in the mediaeval times. Romans and Ottomans both ruled the Mediterranean Sea, which was critical for sea born trade back in the day. Mediterranean Sea today, however, is more of a tourist destination, with its beautiful beaches and abundant sunlight.

There are of course other civilizations whose legacy helped shape modern Turkish culture. Among them are the well-chronicled Trojans and Lydians who invented first coin. Additionally, Phrygians with a golden touch of its King Midas ruled in ancient Anatolia. Similarly, Commagene Kingdom with its colossal statues in Mount Nemrut is yet another Anatolian civilization among several others.

Foundation of Modern Day Republic of Turkey

Photo by AHMED HINDAWI on Unsplash
Photo by AHMED HINDAWI on Unsplash

In the days leading to WW1 and beyond, it was obviously not the best chapter of human history. Turkish Republic was founded in the dark days following a devastating WW1. You may ask yourself why boring history is relevant in your across border property search? Frankly, we can tell you that Turkish Republic is a modern state, which is governed by the rule of law. And it is the rule of law that protects your civil and property rights in Turkey. Therefore, the rule of law protects your rights after buy your dream home in Turkey and apply for citizenship.

Turkish capital city is Ankara despite popular belief that Istanbul is the capital. Istanbul is clearly the biggest and the most influential Turkish city which is also the airline hub of Turkish Airlines. However, in the days Republic of Turkey was founded, the capital city was moved to Ankara. This move was a discontinuation of a tradition of Istanbul being the crown capital since Roman times.

Turkey is predominantly a Muslim society. However, it is also a secular state.

Geography of Turkey

Photo by Mar Cerdeira on Unsplash
Photo by Mar Cerdeira on Unsplash

Turkey is a giant peninsula with waterfronts to Mediterranean Sea and Black Sea. Along Mediterranean shoreline, you can mostly enjoy the beaches and abundant sunshine. On the other hand, Black Sea shore offers natural beauties with dense forests and mountains. As you go inland across Anatolian peninsula, the climate gets dryer and colder.

Road trips across Turkish mainland, if you like, will be your next adventures in life. Turkey has unique offerings for travelers and visitors in this regard. Keep in mind, however, that it is difficult to see all Turkey has to offer in short time. Frankly, you may need more than weeks, even months, to explore entire geography of Turkey.

To find more about this topic, please read our article: What are The Best Locations to Buy a Property in Turkey?

Climate in Turkey

Prepare to enjoy all four seasons in Turkey as climate is mostly temperate. Be sure to pack your swimsuit for the breathtaking shores. Also, bring your winter coat before coming if you are staying in the winter. Spring is always the favorite as life gets a boost in which you can observe blossom of trees. Summer is usually vacation time with plenty of sun and clean beaches to enjoy. Lastly, winter may bring snow in northern and inner parts of the peninsula and it is wise to pack suitable clothing.

Turkish Economy

There is free enterprise in Turkey, and investors are always welcome. To that end, Turkey draws considerable international capital every year. Numerous multinational corporations in diverse sectors are operating within the rule of law in Turkey. For example, food and beverages, automobile manufacturing, finance and banking are among sectors drawing foreign capital.

Among emerging markets, Turkish economy is diverse and vibrant with 82 million population. Notably, construction, manufacturing and tourism sectors stand out among driving forces. Besides, services sector improves every day in line with worldwide trends. Furthermore, government, banks, telecom firms, multinational companies and few conglomerates are the largest employers. However, Turkish economy saw steady declines in recent years with annual GDP declining from about $957 billion in 2013 to $719 in 2020. Currently, a Covid vaccination campaign is underway. As of July 2021, government lifted almost all Covid-19 restrictions. Nowadays, the economy is recovering and bouncing back to its more glorious days.

Today’s Turkey and Real Estate Market

Photo by Hulki Okan Tabak on Unsplash
Photo by Hulki Okan Tabak on Unsplash

Today’s Turkey has a diverse economy with real estate prices steadily rising. Turkey has a vibrant real estate market with 82 million population and a steady international demand for real property. Additionally, Turkish economy usually ranks in top 20 world economies and its unique position makes it a destination of desire.

We doubt if there is anyone who doesn’t like to see dream city Istanbul. Famously, Istanbul stretches two continents and a boat ride along Bosporus strait is very popular. Day trips inside ancient district of Istanbul and shopping its markets are clearly must do activities for travelers.

There is more in Turkey than what meets the eye at first glance. Don’t judge a book by its cover, says the wise. The ability to read between the lines helps us see above and beyond things and makes some of us stand out. Turkey is more than Istanbul and Istanbul is more than what you initially see. Be ready to explore with us, and your trusted realtor will guide you through things travelers don’t get to see. Then, we will show you different neighborhoods and acclimate you to Istanbul and Turkey. Laying out your priorities and meeting your needs in finding a cozy Turkish home now becomes our priority.

We would like to remind you that buying a house in Turkey is profitable in today’s economic climate. You can read our article: Is it Profitable to Buy a House in Turkey?

Interesting Facts About Turkey 

  • Founded in 1923 after WW1 and Turkish War of Independence.
  • Established after the legacy of Ottoman Empire.
  • A member of UN since 1945.
  • A member of NATO since 1952.
  • Currency is Turkish Lira with a symbol ₺.
  • First coin is invented in human history by Lydians in Turkish Anatolia.
  • Currently negotiating accession to EU.
  • Already a member of EU Customs Union.
  • On UNESCO World Heritage List, there are 16 Cultural Heritage Sites in Turkey as well as 2 Mixed Heritage Sites, and 85 more sites on tentative UNESCO List.
  • Number of archeological sites in Turkey easily dwarf other Mediterranean countries.
  • Gobeklitepe Temples date back 12,000 years, which predates Stonehenge by 6,000 years.
  • First human war treaty, Kadesh Treaty, is signed in writing by Hittites of Anatolia and Egyptians.
  • Well chronicled Trojans lived Turkey, and Trojan War took place in Turkey.
  • Origin of Santa Claus is in southwest Turkey in Church of St Nicholas.
  • House of Mother Mary’s House is near Ephesus Ancient Site in western Turkey.
  • World’s first colossally domed basilica, Hagia Sophia, is in Turkey.
  • World’s most famous air balloon site is in Cappadocia, Turkey.
  • The state governance method is converted from Prime Ministry System into Presidential System since 2018.
  • Although a predominantly Muslim society, Turkey is a democratic and secular state with rule of law.
  • Covid-19 vaccine producing company BioNTech’s founders are of Turkish origins and there is a sizable Turkish population living in European countries.

We tried to give you a better understanding of Turkey in this “quick facts” section. If you have any specific questions please contact us.

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